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Donald Trump outlines his immigration plan

Donald Trump calls out Mark Zuckerberg on immigration

Donald Trump has a new target for his criticism of the nation’s immigration policies – Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. Zuckerberg is one of the leading tech executives who has called for a more open immigration policy. Specifically, he wants to make more H-1B visas available to tech employers so they can hire foreign skilled workers.

Photo of the Remarkables mountain range in Queenstown, New Zealand.

Trump said he wants to require employers to pay H-1B workers much more money, which he said would discourage companies from hiring them and boost job prospects for Americans. He also wants to have tech jobs offered to unemployed Americans before they can be filled by workers with H-1B visas.

“This will improve the number of black, Hispanic and female workers in Silicon Valley who have been passed over in favor of the H-1B program. Mark Zuckerberg’s personal Senator, Marco Rubio, has a bill to triple H-1Bs that would decimate women and minorities,” Trump wrote in his immigration plan. Rubio is also seeking the Republican nomination for president.

Zuckerberg started a public interest group called Fwd.us to push for immigration and lobbying reform along with Microsoft founder Bill Gates and Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer. Neither Facebook (FB, Tech30) nor Fwd.us had an immediate comment on Trump’s criticism of Zuckerberg.

Trump says that there are plenty of graduates with degrees in science, technology, engineering and math, known as STEM, to fill tech jobs. That means that employers don’t need H-1B visas to fill jobs, and are using them instead to keep wages low.

Employers are supposed to pay a typical wage to anyone hired under a H-1B visa. But in reality, employees on these visas are typically paid 20 to 45% less than U.S. workers who they are are often replacing, said Ron Hira, a Howard University public policy professor who has studied the visa’s pay scale.

Americans think Trump and Sanders can handle economy well

Economists may be cringing, but a lot of voters like what they’re hearing from Trump and Sanders on jobs.

Both candidates are surging in popularity. Trump is leading the GOP field solidly, and Sanders topped Clinton in a recent poll of New Hampshire voters. The economy is almost always the top election issue. Trump and Sanders poll well when voters are asked which candidate would best handle the economy.

So are the Presidential candidates right?

So should we believe Trump and Sanders? Yes and no. Call it a “half-truth.”

Sanders says the 5.3% number “doesn’t include those people who have given up or are working part-time.” He’s right about that.

Alongside the official rate, the government also reports “alternative” measures of the unemployment rate.

One of them is called the “U-6” unemployment rate, but perhaps we should start calling it the “Bernie Sanders unemployment rate.” It includes people who work part-time but want full-time jobs and the “giver upers” (people who have looked for work in the past year but not the previous month).

Related: The Obama economy has problems

The U-6 unemployment rate is indeed 10.4%. But most economists wouldn’t call that the “real” rate since part-time workers do have a job, even if it’s not the one they want.

Trump hasn’t explained the math for his high unemployment figure. He talks about Americans getting so discouraged that they just give up on finding work, but that’s not enough people to get to 20% unemployment.

But how will they create more jobs?

While Trump and Sanders agree on the problem, they have very different solutions to fix it.

Trump has been light on economic policy details so far, but he has made it clear he thinks too many U.S. jobs are going overseas.

“They can’t get jobs, because there are no jobs, because China has our jobs and Mexico has our jobs,” he said in his campaign announcement speech.

Trump is ready to put hefty taxes on imports from Mexico and China in an effort to make those goods more expensive so people will start buying more American products.

Sanders prefers to tax the rich and use the proceeds to fund education and job training programs for the poor and middle class.

“This campaign is sending a message to the billionaire class: Yes we have the guts to take you on,” Sanders said in his recent Portland rally.

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